I have listed the sources that I have used during my research:

Bordo, Susan (1993) Unbearable Weight: Feminism, Western Culture, and the Body. Berkeley:
University of California

Browne (2006). Digging Into Popular Culture: Theories and Methodologies in Archeology, Anthropology, and Other Fields. Bowling Green: Bowling Green University Popular Press,US.

Burke, Eliza.(2012) “Reflections on the Waif: Images of Slenderness and Distress in 
ProAnorexia Websites.” Australian Feminist Studies 27, 37-54,

Cash, T.F. and Smolak, L. (2012). Body Image: A Handbook of Science, Practice, and Prevention. 2nd ed. New York: Guilford Publications.

Clay, D., LVignoles, V. and Dittmar, H. (2005). Body Image And Self-Esteem Among Adolescent Girls: Testing The Influence Of Sociocultural Factors.Journal Of Research On Adolescence 15(4).

Dittmar, Suzanne Ive, and Emma Halliwell. “Does Barbie Make Girls Want to Be Thin? The Effect of Experimental Exposure to Images of Dolls on the Body Image of 5-to 8-Year- Old Girls” Developmental Psychology. 2nd ed. Vol. 42. Brighton, 2006. 283-92. Print.

Dove. (n.d.). Our Mission. Retrieved 2 May, 2014, from

Eric Stice, Diane Spangler, W. Stewart Agras (2001). Exposure to Media-Portrayed Thin-Ideal Images Adversely Affects Vulnerable Girls: A Longitudinal Experiment. Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology: Vol. 20, No. 3, pp. 270-288.

Hopper, B. (n.d.). Retrieved May 4, 2014, from The Real Ben Hopper:

Klein M,Kendyl(2013) “Why Don’t I Look Like Her? The Impact of Social Media on Female Body Image” CMC Senior Theses.Paper 720.

Ledwich, J. (n.d.). monstrous feminine. Retrieved May 3, 2014, from

London, B., & Jones, T. (27, February 2013). Skinny-models-spark-disturbing-trend-thigh-gap-lipo-treatment-Harley-Street. Retrieved may 4, 2014, from

Penny, L. (2011). Meat Market: Female Flesh Under Capitalism. Winchester: Zero Books.

Personal Illusions. (n.d.). Retrieved May 10, 2014, from

Phillips, K.A. (2005). The Broken Mirror: Understanding and Treating Body Dysmorphic Disorder. Oxford New York: Oxford University Press.

Redefined, B. (2013, September 26th). Physically photoshopping ourselves out of reality. Retrieved May 10, 2014, from

Rogers, Mary F.(2003) “Hetero Barbie?”Gender, Race, and Class in Media: A Text-Reader. Eds.Gail Dines and Jean M. Humez. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications,94-97.Print.

Rogers,M.F. (1999) Barbie Culture. London Thousand Oaks: SAGE Publications.4

Sarwer DB, Cash TF, Magee L, Williams EF, Thompson JK, Roehrig M et al. (2005) Female college students and cosmetic surgery: an investigation of experiences, attitudes, and body image. Plast Reconstr Surg 115:931-938.

Tumblr. (2012, March 10). Women Who Eat on Tubes. Retrieved May 14, 2014, from

Wolf,N. (2009). The Beauty Myth: How Images of Beauty Are Used Against Women. London: Vintage

Wykes, M. and Gunter, B. (2005). The Media and Body Image: If Looks Could Kill. London Thousand Oaks: SAGE Publications.



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